During the 1990s, Major League Baseball experienced an increase in unprecedented home run totals for the power hitters of the decade. While just three players reached the 50-home run mark in any season between 1961 and 1994, many sluggers would start to surpass that number in the mid-90s.
David Wells (former Yankee Pitcher) stated that “25 to 40 percent of all Major Leaguers are juiced”
Players have attempted to gain chemical advantages in baseball since the earliest days of the sport. In 1889, for example, pitcher Pud Galvin became the first baseball player to be widely known for his use of performance-enhancing substances. Galvin was a user and vocal proponent of the Brown-Séquard Elixir, a testosterone supplement derived from the testicles of live animals such as dogs and guinea pigs.
Alex Rodriguez’s name will forever be tainted by his use of steroids. Causing insane controversy, as he vehemently denied any steroid usage; he claimed he was the victim of a “witch hunt,” that his suspension from baseball was unjust and that he would fight to the end to clear his name. But, later he the evidence would be too hard to deny. A-Rod took steroids from a fake Miami doctor Anthony Bosch;paying roughly $12,000 a month over about two years. He purchased pre-filled syringes for hormone injections into his stomach, and drew blood from him in the men’s room of a South Beach nightclub.
The What are Steroids?
Steroids are artificial hormones that can improve strength and muscle mass. Steroids are illegal and they can cause serious health problems. Most steroids are made from cholesterol. Hormones like testosterone, estrogens, cortisol and aldosterone are all steroids. Cholesterol works like a base, then different enzymes can add or remove different compounds to it. The first (as well as present) steroids were made of animal tissue and cholesterol. Many people with diseases use steroids legally, including premature babies that need steroids in order to grow faster. In sports, and anything outside of professional medicine, steroids is considered illegal.
Effects of Steroids
- premature balding
- mood swings, including anger and sadness
- seeing or hearing things that aren’t there (hallucinations)
- extreme feelings of mistrust or fear (paranoia)
- problems sleeping
- high blood pressure that can hurt the heart or blood vessels over time
- aching joints
- greater chance of injuring muscles and tendons
- jaundice or yellowing of the skin; liver damage
- trouble peeing
- increased risk of developing heart disease, stroke, and some types of cancer